What to read. What to know. What to understand.

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"Every day, people write to me asking what they need to read, know and understand about wolves and wolf management, particularly in the West. I recommend the following, and update the list periodically as good information becomes available. Knowledge is power, so fill your brain with peer-reviewed documents and studies put forth by renowned professionals in specific fields of expertise. Dismiss armchair biologists and those who will not engage in constructive dialogue. There's no future in it.

 

Each year the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service publishes an annual report, which is a round-up of wolf information from the Northern Rockies Wolf Recovery Distinct Population Segment (the "DPS" people are always talking about.) It consists of data gathered and summarized by the feds, states and tribes in Idaho, Wyoming, Montana, Washington, Oregon, and Utah. If you don't have time to read any other document, familiarize yourself with this one."

 

 

FEDERAL POLICY DOCUMENTS

 

Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 USC 1531-1543). 

 

Federal Animal Damage Control Act of 1931, as amended (7 USC 426-426d)

 

 

STATE POLICY DOCUMENTS

 

Idaho Wolf Conservation and Management Plan (2002)

 

Montana Wolf Conservation and Management Plan.

 

Wyoming Gray Wolf Management Plan.

 

Washington - Gray Wolf Conservation and Management Plan.

 

Oregon Wolf Conservation and Management Plan.

 

 

PUBLICATIONS/BOOKS ABOUT REINTRODUCTION

 

Final Environmental Impact Statement - The Reintroduction of Gray Wolves to Yellowstone National Park and Central Idaho (1994) Link to pdf document here.

 

Fischer, Hank. Wolf Wars. Falcon Press, 1995. (ISBN-10 1560443529) Note: this excellent book on the road to wolf reintroduction is out of print, but may be available on used book sites.

 

 

WOLF BEHAVIOR & NATURAL HISTORY

 

Hayes, Bob. Wolves of the Yukon. Published by Bob Hayes, 2010. (ISBN 9780986737602)

Mech, L. David. The Wolf. The Natural History Press, 1970.

 

Carbyn, L.N., Fritts, S.H., and Seip, D.R. Ecology and Conservation of Wolves in a Changing World. Canadian Circumpolar Institute, University of Alberta, 1995. Occasional publication No. 35, 642 pp. ISSN 00680303; 35. (Bound edition ISBN 0919058922)

 

Young, Stanley P., and Goldman, Edward A. The Wolves of  North America.  Reprinted in 1964 by Dover Publications, Inc., in two volumes. First published in 1944 by the American Wildlife Institute. Library of Congress No. 64-15510.

 

BOOKS ABOUT USDA WILDLIFE SERVICES

 

McIntyre, Rick. War Against the Wolf: America's Campaign to Exterminate the Wolf. Voyageur Press, 1995.  (ISBN 00896582647)

Robinson, Michael J. Predatory Bureaucracy: The Extermination of Wolves and the Transformation of the West. University Press of Colorado. 2005.

 

MUST-READS FROM THE EDGE OF SANITY

 

Identifying and Dealing with the Anti-Wolf Forces  (by Bob Ferris, Cascadia Wildlands)​